Short-term let licenses in Scotland now in play
Hosts of short-term lets in Scotland now need to have a licence to operate, or face a fine.
Since 1 October 2023, short-term let hosts operating in Scotland need to have at least applied for a licence, or face fines of up to £2,500. The licensing scheme aims to "ensure consistent safety standards while reinforcing the positive reputation of Scottish tourism and hospitality" - yet there are still calls to cancel its introduction.
Here is everything you need to know:
- When will hosts need to obtain a licence for short-term lets?
- What is a short-term let property?
- What type of guest is excluded from the new licensing requirements?
- How can hosts apply for a licence?
- What types of licences can hosts apply for?
- What mandatory conditions must a short-term let property meet to be licensed in Scotland?
When will hosts need to obtain a licence for short-term lets?
From 1 October 2022, local authorities need to have a licensing scheme in place for short-term lets, including Airbnb. Hosts operating before 1 October 2022 will need to have applied for a licence on each property that they manage as a short let by 1 October 2023.
New hosts will need a licence before they can accept bookings or welcome paying guests. By 1 July 2024, all short-term lets in Scotland will need to have a licence.
What is a short-term let property?
A property is considered a short-term let if one of its rooms or the whole property is rented out for a short period - for holiday or business purposes, for example.
What type of guest is excluded from the new licensing requirements?
If a property's guest meets the below criteria, the accommodation will be exempt from the short-term let licensing rules:
- The guest lives in the property as their main home
- They're a member of the host's immediate family
- They use the property to undertake work or services for the host
- They share the property as "part of an educational arrangement"
How can hosts apply for a licence?
Hosts will need to apply for a licence with their local council - and each of their properties may need a separate licence.
Local councils will take up to 12 months to process an application for existing hosts, and
up to nine months for new hosts. Each local council can then decide how long the licence will last - which could be for up to three years from the date of issue.
What types of licences can hosts apply for?
There are four types of licence available, based on how the host chooses to rent out the property:
- Home sharing: For renting out all or part of a home while the host is living there
- Home letting: Letting out all or part of the hosts home, while the host isn't there
- Secondary letting: Letting a property which is not normally lived in - a second home or holiday let, for example
- Home letting and home sharing: For if the host lets out their home while they're living there as well as when they aren't
What mandatory conditions must a short-term let property meet to be licensed in Scotland?
For a short-let property to obtain a licence, it will need to meet certain criteria, including:
- Meet the Repairing Standard for houses and flats, including the Tolerable Standard
- Hold - and show in any advertising - a valid EPC from within the last 10 years - for whole homes rented out
- Ensure an electrical safety check is carried out every five years
- Meet certain fire safety criteria, including heat and smoke alarms, records that the furnishings meet the Furniture and Furnishings (Fire Safety) Regulations 1988
- Carry out a fire and legionella risk assessment
- Obtain an up to date Gas Safety Certificate and a Portable Appliance Testing Report
- Set up buildings and public liability insurance
The hosts will also be obligated to display some of this certification, ensure the number of guests they welcome matches the maximum number allowed in the licence, and adhere to any extra conditions that the local authority may set.
This article is intended as a guide only and does not constitute legal advice. please visit mygov.scot for more information.